No Silly Questions References


  1. ‘Chapter 8 Voluntary and compulsory voting’, Parliament of Australia, aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Joint/Completed_Inquiries/em/elect04/chapter8
  2. ‘About Native Title’, AIATSIS, aiatsis.gov.au/about-native-title
  3. Nick Evershed, ‘Will a hung parliament lead to “chaos”? What a Gillard v Morrison comparison reveals’, Guardian, 4 May 2022, theguardian.com/news/datablog/2022/may/05/will-a-hung-parliament-lead-to-chaos-what-a-gillard-v-morrison-comparison-reveals
  4. Anna Hough, ‘Trends in the gender composition of the Australian parliament’, Parliament of Australia, 20 April 2022, aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/FlagPost/2022/April/Trends-gender-parliament
  5. Claire Cain Miller, Kevin Quealy and Margot Sahger-Katz, ‘The top jobs where women are outnumbered by men named John’, New York Times, 24 April 2018, nytimes.com/interactive/2018/04/24/upshot/women-and-men-named-john.html
  6. Dr Joy McCann, ‘Electoral quotas for women: an international overview’, Parliament of Australia, 14 November 2013, aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/pubs/rp/rp1314/ElectoralQuotas


  1. ‘ANZ Survey of Adult Financial Literacy in Australia’, ANZ, May 2015, anz.com/resources/3/1/31cbc1fd-9491-4a22-91dc-4c803e4c34ab/adult-financial-literacy-survey-full-results.pdf
  2. Professor Alison Preston, ‘Financial literacy in Australia: Insights from HILDA data’, UWA Business School, March 2020, api.research-repository.uwa.edu.au/ws/portalfiles/portal/73668586/Financial_Literacy_in_Australia.pdf
  3. ‘GDP current prices’, International Monetary Fund, 2022, imf.org/external/datamapper/NGDPD@WEO/OEMDC/ADVEC/WEOWORLD
  4. 4-Day Week Global, 2022 Pilot Programme, August 2022, 4dayweek.com/anzpilot; ‘How companies are switching to 40-day work weeks’, The Daily Aus, 26 June 2022, youtube.com/watch?v=BDBH_dVQnBA
  5. Lenore Taylor, ‘Raising GST to 15% “will cost poorest families 7% of disposable income”’, Guardian, 4 November 2015, theguardian.com/australia-news/2015/nov/04/acoss-raising-gst-to-15-percent-cost-poorest-families
  6. Carol Graham and Maria Fitzpatrick, ‘Does happiness pay? An exploration based on panel data from Russia’, Brookings Institute, 1 May 2022, brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/pay.pdf
  7. Ibid., p. 15
  8. Daniella Miletic, ‘Money can’t buy you happiness, but being happy pays’, Sydney Morning Herald, 18 September 2013, smh.com.au/lifestyle/money-cant-buy-happiness-but-being-happy-pays-20130917-2tx7o.html


  1. Earth observatory, NASA, earthobservatory.nasa.gov/world-of-change/global-temperatures
  2. ‘Carbon emissions of richest 1 percent more than double the emissions of the poorest half of humanity’, Oxfam International, 21 September 2020, oxfam.org/en/press-releases/carbon-emissions-richest-1-percent-more-double-emissions-poorest-half-humanity
  3. Julia Jacobo, ‘Climate change, human activity “decimating” marine life, according to IUCN Red List of Threatened Species’, ABC News (US), 10 December 2022, abcnews.go.com/Technology/climate-change-human-activity-decimating-marine-life-iucn/story?id=94690943
  4. ‘The impact of the climate crisis and human activity on our oceans’, World Economic Forum, March 2023, weforum.org/agenda/2023/03/pictures-ocean-marine-impact-climate-crisis
  5. ‘Australian Energy Statistics, Table O Electricity generation by fuel type 2020-21 and 2021’, Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources, 14 April 2021, energy.gov.au/publications/australian-energy-statistics-table-o-electricity-generation-fuel-type-2020-21-and-2021
  6. ‘Most of the world’s countries could run on 100% renewable energy by 2050, says study’, World Economic Forum, 18 September 2017, weforum.org/agenda/2017/09/countries-100-renewable-energy-by-2050
  7. ‘Solar PV and batteries’, Department of Climate Change, Energy, Environment and Water, energy.gov.au/households/solar-pv-and-batteries
  8. Matthew Jones et al., ‘Global and regional trends and drivers of fire under climate change’, Advancing Earth and Space Science, 11 April 2022, agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2020RG000726
  9. Graham Readfern, ‘Australia’s bushfire season has grown by almost a month in 40 years, study finds’, Guardian, 30 June 2022, theguardian.com/australia-news/2022/jul/01/australias-bushfire-season-has-grown-by-almost-a-month-in-40-years-study-finds
  10. David Baker, ‘Renewable power costs rise, just not as much as fossil fuels’, Bloomberg, 30 June 2022, bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-06-30/renewable-power-costs-rise-just-not-as-much-as-fossil-fuels#xj4y7vzkg
  11. ‘Renewable power generation costs in 2020’, International Renewable Energy Agency, 22 June 2021, irena.org/Publications/2021/Jun/Renewable-Power-Costs-in-2020
  12. ‘The Australian government has a duty of care to protect children from climate harm, court rules’, AAP, SBS, 27 May 2021, sbs.com.au/news/article/the-australian-government-has-a-duty-of-care-to-protect-children-from-climate-harm-court-rules/grhgp8t8y
  13. Adam Morton, ‘Australian court finds government has duty to protect young people from climate crisis’, Guardian, 27 May 2021, theguardian.com/australia-news/2021/may/27/australian-court-finds-government-has-duty-to-protect-young-people-from-climate-crisis
  14. ‘Climate crisis and a betrayed generation’, Letter to Editor, Guardian, 1 March 2019, theguardian.com/environment/2019/mar/01/youth-climate-change-strikers-open-letter-to-world-leaders
  15. Christiana Figueres, ‘The case for stubborn optimism on climate’, TED Talk,  ted.com/talks/christiana_figueres_the_case_for_stubborn_optimism_on_climate/transcript?language=en#t-179108


  1. ‘Monitoring asylum in Australia’, UNHCR, unhcr.org/au/monitoring-asylum-australia
  2. Zoe Osborne, ‘Refugees on Australian detention island sew lips shut in protest’, Al Jazeera, 24 February 2024, aljazeera.com/news/2023/2/24/refugees-on-australian-detention-island-sew-lips-shut-in-protest
  3. ‘Monitoring Commonwealth places of detention: Annual report of the Commonwealth National Preventive Mechanism under the Optional Protocol to the Convention Against Torture (OPCAT)’, 1 July 2021 to 30 June 2022, Commonwealth of Australia, ombudsman.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0022/290137/Commonwealth-NPM-Report.pdf
  4. ‘Legal and Constitutional Affairs Committee, Home Affairs Portfolio’, Senate Standing Committee on Legal And Constitutional Affairs, 14 February 2022, aph.gov.au/api/qon/downloadestimatesquestions/EstimatesQuestion-CommitteeId6-EstimatesRoundId13-PortfolioId20-QuestionNumber209
  5. Ben Doherty, ‘Inside Melbourne’s Park hotel, refugees sit and wait for Covid to find them’, Guardian, 25 October 2021, theguardian.com/australia-news/2021/oct/26/inside-melbournes-park-hotel-refugees-sit-and-wait-for-covid-to-find-them
  6. Mehdi Ali, Twitter, 17 January 2022, twitter.com/MehdiAli98/status/1479199639211413506
  7. Louise Keogh et al., ‘Estimating the abortion rate in Australia from National Hospital Morbidity and Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme data’, Medical Journal of Australia, 30 August 2022, mja.com.au/journal/2021/215/8/estimating-abortion-rate-australia-national-hospital-morbidity-and
  8. Ronli Sifris and Tania Penovic, ‘Barriers to abortion access in Australia before and during the COVID-19 pandemic’, Women’s Studies International Forum, May–June 2021, sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277539521000340
  9. Ibid.
  10. Dobbs, State Health Officer of the Mississippi Department Of Health, et al. v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization et al., Supreme Court of the US, 24 June 2024, supremecourt.gov/opinions/21pdf/19-1392_6j37.pdf
  11. ‘Periods: How they impact our lives’, Australian Centre for Philanthropy and Nonprofit Studies, August 2022, eprints.qut.edu.au/234106/2/PeriodsAndImpact_Final_3Aug22.pdf
  12. ‘National gender pay gap of 13.3% just a fraction of the real cost on women’, Workplace Gender Equality Agency, 23 February 2023, wgea.gov.au/newsroom/media-release-national-gender-pay-gap-february-2023
  13. ‘HILDA: Selected Findings from Waves 1 to 20’, Melbourne Institute Applied Economics and Social Research, 2022, melbourneinstitute.unimelb.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0011/4382057/HILDA_Statistical_Report_2022.pdf
  14. E. Callander et al., ‘Women’s health and wellbeing scorecard’, Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation: Melbourne, November 2022, monash.edu/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/3114221/womens-health-and-wellbeing-scorecard_embargo-dec-22.pdf
  15. ‘Conversion therapy’, GLAAD, glaad.org/conversiontherapy


  1. ‘Why is STEM important?’, Australian Government Department of Education, 2 May 2022, education.gov.au/australian-curriculum/national-stem-education-resources-toolkit/introductory-material-what-stem/why-stem-important
  2. ‘Multi-country monkeypox outbreak: Situation update’, World Health Organization, 27 June 2022, who.int/emergencies/disease-outbreak-news/item/2022-DON396
  3. ‘2014–2016 Ebola Outbreak in West Africa’, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 8 March 2019, cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/history/2014-2016-outbreak/index.html
  4. ‘History of 1918 flu pandemic’, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 21 March 2018, cdc.gov/flu/pandemic-resources/1918-commemoration/1918-pandemic-history.htm
  5. ‘Malaria: Fact sheet’, World Health Organization, 8 December 2022, who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/malaria
  6. ‘Understanding how COVID-19 vaccines work’, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 16 September 2022, cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/different-vaccines/how-they-work.html
  7. ‘Vaccines and COVID-19’, NPS MedicineWise,19 September 2022, nps.org.au/vaccines-and-covid-19
  8. Scott Kelly, ‘I spent a year in space, and I have tips on isolation to share’, New York Times, 21 March 2020, nytimes.com/2020/03/21/opinion/scott-kelly-coronavirus-isolation.html
  9. Ido Vock, ‘ChatGPT proves that AI still has a racism problem’, New Statesman, 9 December 2022, newstatesman.com/quickfire/2022/12/chatgpt-shows-ai-racism-problem
  10. Andrew Peters, ‘Indigenous technology is often misunderstood. Here’s how it can be part of everyday life’, The Conversation, 7 September 2021, theconversation.com/indigenous-technology-is-often-misunderstood-heres-how-it-can-be-part-of-everyday-life-167191
  11. Ibid.
  12. ‘Ten richest men double their fortunes in pandemic while incomes of 99 percent of humanity fall’, Oxfam International, 17 January 2022, oxfam.org/en/press-releases/ten-richest-men-double-their-fortunes-pandemic-while-incomes-99-percent-humanity
  13. ‘Get started with Bitcoin’, bitcoin.org/en


  1. ‘Global progress in reducing extreme poverty grinds to a halt’, World Bank, 5 October 2022, worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2022/10/05/global-progress-in-reducing-extreme-poverty-grinds-to-a-halt
  2. ‘Hiroshima and Nagasaki: 75th anniversary of atomic bombings’, BBC News, 9 August 2020, bbc.com/news/in-pictures-53648572
  3. ‘“If you make China the enemy, China will be the enemy”: Beijing’s fresh threat to Australia’, Sydney Morning Herald, 18 November 2020, smh.com.au/world/asia/if-you-make-china-the-enemy-china-will-be-the-enemy-beijing-s-fresh-threat-to-australia-20201118-p56fqs.html
  4. Minister for Foreign Affairs, press conference, Honiara, 17 June 2022, foreignminister.gov.au/minister/penny-wong/transcript/press-conference-honiara
  5. ‘EU referendum: The result in maps and charts’, BBC News, 8 June 2021, bbc.com/news/uk-politics-36616028
  6. Paul Whiteley, ‘Insight: Why Britain really voted to leave the European Union’, research case study, University of Essex, essex.ac.uk/research/showcase/why-britain-really-voted-to-leave-the-european-union
  7. Katharine Murphy, ‘Macron accuses Australian PM of lying over submarine deal’, Guardian, 31 October 2021, theguardian.com/world/2021/oct/31/macron-accuses-australian-pm-of-lying-over-submarine-deal
  8. Anas Iqtait and Samy Akil, ‘Why the Middle East matters to Australia’, Interpreter, Lowy Institute, 24 May 2022, lowyinstitute.org/the-interpreter/why-middle-east-matters-australia
  9. Adam Gallagher, ‘Taliban rule takes profound toll on Afghan women and minorities’, United States Institute of Peace, 18 August 2022, usip.org/publications/2022/08/event-extra-taliban-rule-takes-profound-toll-afghan-women-and-minorities
  10. Max Roser, ‘The world is awful. The world is much better. The world can be much better’, Our World in Data, 20 July 2022, ourworldindata.org/much-better-awful-can-be-better
  11. Dylan Matthews, ‘23 charts and maps that show the world is getting much, much better’, Vox, 17 October 2018, vox.com/2014/11/24/7272929/global-poverty-health-crime-literacy-good-news


  1. Max Witynski, ‘False balance in news coverage of climate change makes it harder to address the crisis’, Northwestern University, 22 July 2022, news.northwestern.edu/stories/2022/07/false-balance-reporting-climate-change-crisis

Be the smart friend in your group chat

Join thousands of young Aussies and get our 5 min daily newsletter on what matters in your world.

It’s easy. It’s trustworthy. It’s free.